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Rage Pre-Workout

Rage Pre-Workout

$49.99

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EXTREME PRE WORKOUT

  • Intense Focus*
  • Supreme Energy*
  • Enhanced Pumps*
  • Improved Performance*
  • 25 Servings
 About

Looking for an advanced pre workout with bona fide performance and blood flow enhancing ingredients? Look no further than Rage’s extreme pre workout formula.

Rage was designed to dramatically boost energy and focus, so you can assault your workout, and increase blood flow, to deliver an arsenal of nutrients to active tissue and drive gains.

  • 3,000mg 3-Aminopropanoic Acid – Increases muscular power output and buffers lactic acid to increase work capacity and training volume.
  • 450mg Total Stimulants (as Caffeine, Hordenine, and Octopamine) – Enhances energy, endurance, and pain tolerance to push through even the toughest sessions.
  • 25mg CDP Choline – Boosts cognition, strengthening the mind-muscle connection and powering better muscle contractions.
  • 3,000mg Citrulline Malate – Increases blood flow, creating outstanding pumps and muscle swelling.
  • 500mg L-Ornithine – Clears ammonia created during training, preventing the accumulation of fatigue for longer, stronger workouts.

Where most fall short, Rage delivers. Don’t suffer from another inadequate workout – Rage today.

 

 

Supplement Facts

 strongest pre workout

Ingredients

3-Aminopropanoic Acid

Also known as Beta-Alanine, serves as precursor to carnosine, and is actually better for increasing muscle carnosine concentration than carnosine itself due to beta-alanine’s ability to bypass the liver.

  • Buffers lactic acid
  • Increases muscular power output
  • Sustains exercise work volume

 

N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine

Tyrosine is converted to adrenaline and other neurotransmitters.

  • Tyrosine has been shown to help reduce stress
  • Improve working memory
  • Boost cognition

 

Caffeine Anhydrous

Caffeine is the most ubiquitous supplement in modern society; known for its ability to enhance wakefulness and energy

  • Caffeine works by stimulating the adrenal glands and releasing adrenaline
  • This enhances pain tolerance, which is the primary mechanism by which caffeine enhances endurance performance.
  • Caffeine may also enhance the mind-muscle connection by improving attention and cognition

 

Dicaffeine Malate

Dicaffeine malate is an extended release caffeine designed to take the crash away from caffeine.

  • All the benefits of caffeine.
  • No crash.
  • Combined with caffeine anhydrous, dicaffeine malate has a smooth comedown.

 

Hordenine

Hordenine is a stimulant and also helps keep adrenaline and other stimulants active

  • Acts as a noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor
  • Commonly found with synephrine

 

Octopamine

Octopamine is a metabolite of synephrine that has fat burning effects and has been banned by WADA.

  • Stimulates adrenergic receptors
  • Activates lipolysis

 

Cytidine 5’-diphosphocholine

Also known as CDP choline. This form of choline is the best for nootropic benefits.

  • Converts to choline and uridine
  • Enhances memory and focus

 

Huperzine A

Huperzine blocks acetylcholine breakdown, thereby increasing acetylcholine levels

  • Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter that transfers signals from the brain to the muscle.
  • May improve focus and mood

 

L-Citrulline

Citrulline increases body arginine levels better than arginine because most supplemental arginine is prematurely degraded.

  • Boosts nitric oxide levels
  • Assists in the utilization of muscle glycogen
  • Enhances blood flow and pumps
  • Increases training volume

 

Arginine Carglumate

Arginine is a conditionally essential amino acid with pronounced roles in cardiovascular regulation.

  • Serves as a precursor to nitric oxide
  • Enhances blood flow
  • May increase growth hormone

 

L-Ornithine

Ornithine is a non-protein amino acid.

  • Reduces fatigue by controlling ammonia accumulation
  • May boos growth hormone

 

Beta Vulgaris

Beets are plants with naturally high nitrate content.

  • Nitrates are reduced to form nitric oxide
  • Beet supplementation may improve endurance
  • Enhances oxygen utilization efficiency

 

FAQ

Q: What is the best way to use Rage?

A: As a dietary supplement, take 1 serving (1 scoop) in 10-14 oz of water 20-30 minutes prior to your workout.

 

Q: Is Rage good to try if I have never taken a pre workout before?

A: Rage was designed for experienced athletes, but it can be used by first-timers as well. However, we recommend you assess your tolerance by taking a half scoop first.

 

Q: Can I stack other products with Rage?

A: Yes. Rage can be stacked with TOR-ACTIV and T-MAXX to increase muscle growth or RECOMP to help convert fat into muscle.

References

Beta-Alanine

  1. Stout, J. R., Cramer, J. T., Zoeller, R. F., Torok, D., Costa, P., Hoffman, J. R., ... & O’kroy, J. (2007). Effects of β-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in women. Amino acids32(3), 381-386.
  2. Sale, C., Saunders, B., Hudson, S., Wise, J. A., Harris, R. C., & Sunderland, C. D. (2011). Effect of β-alanine plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacity. Medicine and science in sports and exercise43(10), 1972-1978.
  3. Hoffman, J. R., Ratamess, N. A., Faigenbaum, A. D., Ross, R., Kang, J., Stout, J. R., & Wise, J. A. (2008). Short-duration β-alanine supplementation increases training volume and reduces subjective feelings of fatigue in college football players. Nutrition research28(1), 31-35.
  4. Hoffman, J., Ratamess, N. A., Ross, R., Kang, J., Magrelli, J., Neese, K., ... & Wise, J. A. (2008). β-Alanine and the hormonal response to exercise. International journal of sports medicine29(12), 952-958.
  5. Walter, A. A., Smith, A. E., Kendall, K. L., Stout, J. R., & Cramer, J. T. (2010). Six weeks of high-intensity interval training with and without β-alanine supplementation for improving cardiovascular fitness in women. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research24(5), 1199-1207.

L-Citrulline

  1. Ochiai, M., Hayashi, T., Morita, M., Ina, K., Maeda, M., Watanabe, F., & Morishita, K. (2012). Short-term effects of L-citrulline supplementation on arterial stiffness in middle-aged men. International journal of cardiology155(2), 257-261.
  2. Bendahan, D., Mattei, J. P., Ghattas, B., Confort-Gouny, S., Le Guern, M. E., & Cozzone, P. J. (2002). Citrulline/malate promotes aerobic energy production in human exercising muscle. British journal of sports medicine36(4), 282-289.
  3. Pérez-Guisado, J., & Jakeman, P. M. (2010). Citrulline malate enhances athletic anaerobic performance and relieves muscle soreness. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research24(5), 1215-1222.
  4. Sureda, A., Córdova, A., Ferrer, M. D., Pérez, G., Tur, J. A., & Pons, A. (2010). L-citrulline-malate influence over branched chain amino acid utilization during exercise. European journal of applied physiology110(2), 341-351.
  5. Moinard, C., Nicolis, I., Neveux, N., Darquy, S., Benazeth, S., & Cynober, L. (2008). Dose-ranging effects of citrulline administration on plasma amino acids and hormonal patterns in healthy subjects: the Citrudose pharmacokinetic study. British journal of nutrition99(4), 855-862.

Caffeine Anhydrous

  1. Paton, C. D., Lowe, T., & Irvine, A. (2010). Caffeinated chewing gum increases repeated sprint performance and augments increases in testosterone in competitive cyclists. European journal of applied physiology110(6), 1243-1250.
  2. Carr, A. J., Gore, C. J., & Dawson, B. (2011). Induced alkalosis and caffeine supplementation: effects on 2,000-m rowing performance. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism21(5), 357-364.
  3. Astorino, T. A., Terzi, M. N., Roberson, D. W., & Burnett, T. R. (2010). Effect of two doses of caffeine on muscular function during isokinetic exercise. Medicine and science in sports and exercise42(12), 2205-2210.
  4. Keijzers, G. B., De Galan, B. E., Tack, C. J., & Smits, P. (2002). Caffeine can decrease insulin sensitivity in humans. Diabetes care25(2), 364-369.
  5. Ganio, M. S., Johnson, E. C., Klau, J. F., Anderson, J. M., Casa, D. J., Maresh, C. M., ... & Armstrong, L. E. (2011). Effect of ambient temperature on caffeine ergogenicity during endurance exercise. European journal of applied physiology111(6), 1135-1146.

Dicaffeine Malate

  1. Sommerfeld, A., & Witherly, S. (2014). S. Patent No. 8,642,095. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine

  1. Shurtleff, D., Thomas, J. R., Schrot, J., Kowalski, K., & Harford, R. (1994). Tyrosine reverses a cold-induced working memory deficit in humans. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior47(4), 935-941.
  2. Banderet, L. E., & Lieberman, H. R. (1989). Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain research bulletin22(4), 759-762.
  3. Deijen, J. B., Wientjes, C. J. E., Vullinghs, H. F. M., Cloin, P. A., & Langefeld, J. J. (1999). Tyrosine improves cognitive performance and reduces blood pressure in cadets after one week of a combat training course. Brain research bulletin48(2), 203-209.
  4. Neri, D. F., Wiegmann, D., Stanny, R. R., Shappell, S. A., McCardie, A., & McKay, D. L. (1995). The effects of tyrosine on cognitive performance during extended wakefulness. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine.
  5. Banderet, L. E., & Lieberman, H. R. (1989). Treatment with tyrosine, a neurotransmitter precursor, reduces environmental stress in humans. Brain research bulletin22(4), 759-762.

Hordenine

  1. Hapke, H. J., & Strathmann, W. (1995). Pharmacological effects of hordenine.  Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift102(6), 228-232.
  2. Frank, M., Weckman, T. J., Wood, T., Woods, W. E., TAI, C. L., CHANG, S. L., ... & Tobin, T. (1990). Hordenine: pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and behavioural effects in the horse. Equine veterinary journal22(6), 437-441.
  3. Barwell, C. J., Basma, A. N., Lafi, M. A. K., & Leake, L. D. (1989). Deamination of hordenine by monoamine oxidase and its action on vasa deferentia of the rat. Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology41(6), 421-423.
  4. Nedergaard, O. A., & Westermann, E. (1968). Action of various sympathomimetic amines on the isolated stripped vas deferens of the guinea‐British journal of pharmacology34(3), 475-483.

Octopamine

  1. Roeder, T. (2005). Tyramine and octopamine: ruling behavior and metabolism.  Rev. Entomol.50, 447-477.
  2. David, J. C., & Coulon, J. F. (1985). Octopamine in invertebrates and vertebrates. A review. Progress in neurobiology24(2), 141-185.
  3. Visentin, V., Morin, N., Fontana, E., Prévot, D., Boucher, J., Castan, I., ... & Carpéné, C. (2001). Dual action of octopamine on glucose transport into adipocytes: inhibition via β3-adrenoceptor activation and stimulation via oxidation by amine oxidases. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics299(1), 96-104.
  4. Pizzinat, N., Marti, L., Remaury, A., Leger, F., Langin, D., Lafontan, M., ... & Parini, A. (1999). High expression of monoamine oxidases in human white adipose tissue: evidence for their involvement in noradrenaline clearance. Biochemical pharmacology58(11), 1735-1742.
  5. Marti, L., Morin, N., Enrique-Tarancon, G., Prevot, D., Lafontan, M., Testar, X., ... & Carpéné, C. (1998). Tyramine and vanadate synergistically stimulate glucose transport in rat adipocytes by amine oxidase-dependent generation of hydrogen peroxide. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics285(1), 342-349.
  6. Fontana, E., Morin, N., Prévot, D., & Carpéné, C. (2000). Effects of octopamine on lipolysis, glucose transport and amine oxidation in mammalian fat cells. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part C: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Endocrinology125(1), 33-44.

CDP Choline

  1. McGlade, E., Locatelli, A., Hardy, J., Kamiya, T., Morita, M., Morishita, K., ... & Yurgelun-Todd, D. (2012). Improved attentional performance following citicoline administration in healthy adult women. Food and Nutrition Sciences3(06), 769.
  2. Alvarez, X. A., Laredo, M., Corzo, D., Fernandez-Novoa, L., Mouzo, R., Perea, J. E., ... & Cacabelos, R. (1997). Citicoline improves memory performance in elderly subjects. Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology19(3), 201-210.
  3. Spiers, P. A., Myers, D., Hochanadel, G. S., Lieberman, H. R., & Wurtman, R. J. (1996). Citicoline improves verbal memory in aging. Archives of neurology53(5), 441-448.
  4. Alvarez, X. A., Laredo, M., Corzo, D., Fernandez-Novoa, L., Mouzo, R., Perea, J. E., ... & Cacabelos, R. (1997). Citicoline improves memory performance in elderly subjects. Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology19(3), 201-210.
  5. Amenta, F., & Tayebati, S. K. (2008). Pathways of acetylcholine synthesis, transport and release as targets for treatment of adult-onset cognitive dysfunction. Current medicinal chemistry15(5), 488-498.

Huperzine A

  1. Ma, T., Gong, K., Yan, Y., Zhang, L., Tang, P., Zhang, X., & Gong, Y. (2013). Huperzine A promotes hippocampal neurogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Brain research1506, 35-43.
  2. Zhao, Q., & Tang, X. C. (2002). Effects of huperzine A on acetylcholinesterase isoforms in vitro: comparison with tacrine, donepezil, rivastigmine and physostigmine. European journal of pharmacology455(2-3), 101-107.

Arginine Carglumate

  1. Schwedhelm, E., Maas, R., Freese, R., Jung, D., Lukacs, Z., Jambrecina, A., ... & Böger, R. H. (2008). Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of oral L‐citrulline and L‐arginine: impact on nitric oxide metabolism. British journal of clinical pharmacology65(1), 51-59.
  2. Böger, R. H., Bode-Böger, S. M., Thiele, W., Creutzig, A., Alexander, K., & Frölich, J. C. (1998). Restoring vascular nitric oxide formation by L-arginine improves the symptoms of intermittent claudication in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology32(5), 1336-1344.
  3. Collier, S. R., Casey, D. P., & Kanaley, J. A. (2005). Growth hormone responses to varying doses of oral arginine. Growth Hormone & IGF Research15(2), 136-139.
  4. Bailey, S. J., Winyard, P. G., Vanhatalo, A., Blackwell, J. R., DiMenna, F. J., Wilkerson, D. P., & Jones, A. M. (2010). Acute L-arginine supplementation reduces the O2 cost of moderate-intensity exercise and enhances high-intensity exercise tolerance. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
  5. Monti, L. D., Setola, E., Lucotti, P. C. G., Marrocco‐Trischitta, M. M., Comola, M., Galluccio, E., ... & Chiesa, R. (2012). Effect of a long‐term oral l‐arginine supplementation on glucose metabolism: a randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled trial. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism14(10), 893-900.

L-Ornithine

  1. Sugino, T., Shirai, T., Kajimoto, Y., & Kajimoto, O. (2008). L-ornithine supplementation attenuates physical fatigue in healthy volunteers by modulating lipid and amino acid metabolism. Nutrition research28(11), 738-743.
  2. Kokubo, T., Ikeshima, E., Kirisako, T., Miura, Y., Horiuchi, M., & Tsuda, A. (2013). A randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled crossover trial on the effects of L-ornithine on salivary cortisol and feelings of fatigue of flushers the morning after alcohol consumption. BioPsychoSocial medicine7(1), 6.

Beta Vulgaris

  1. Ferguson, S. K., Hirai, D. M., Copp, S. W., Holdsworth, C. T., Allen, J. D., Jones, A. M., ... & Poole, D. C. (2013). Impact of dietary nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice on exercising muscle vascular control in rats. The Journal of physiology591(2), 547-557.
  2. Clifford, T., Howatson, G., West, D., & Stevenson, E. (2015). The potential benefits of red beetroot supplementation in health and disease. Nutrients7(4), 2801-2822.
  3. Boorsma, R. K., Whitfield, J., & Spriet, L. L. (2014). Beetroot juice supplementation does not improve performance of elite 1500-m runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc46(12), 2326-34.
  4. Breese, B. C., McNarry, M. A., Marwood, S., Blackwell, J. R., Bailey, S. J., & Jones, A. M. (2013). Beetroot juice supplementation speeds O2 uptake kinetics and improves exercise tolerance during severe-intensity exercise initiated from an elevated baseline. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
  5. Lansley, K. E., Winyard, P. G., Fulford, J., Vanhatalo, A., Bailey, S. J., Blackwell, J. R., ... & Jones, A. M. (2010). Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of walking and running: a placebo-controlled study. American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
WARNING

California’s Proposition 65 entitles California consumers to special warnings.

WARNING: Cancer and Reproductive Harm - www.P65warnings.ca.gov/